Saturday, 21 July 2018


Part I - General Knowledge and Current Affairs
Salient Features of Indian Constitution
Salient features of the Constitution - Preamble- Its significance and its place in the
interpretation of the Constitution.
Fundamental Rights - Directive Principles of State Policy - Relation between Fundamental Rights
and Directive Principles - Fundamental Duties.
Executive  -  Legislature  -  Judiciary  -  Both  at  Union  and  State  Level.  -  Other  Constitutional Authorities.
Centre-State Relations - Legislative - Administrative and Financial.
Services under the Union and the States.
Emergency Provisions.
Amendment Provisions of the Constitution.
Social Welfare Legislations and Programmes
Social Service Legislations like Right to Information Act, Prevention of atrocities against
Women & Children, Food Security Act, Environmental Acts etc. and Social Welfare
Programmes like Employment Guarantee Programme, Organ and Blood Donation etc.
Towards A New Society
Introduction  to  English  education  -  various  missionary  organisations  and  their functioning founding of educational institutions, factories.printing press etc.
Efforts To Reform The Society
(A) Socio-Religious reform Movements
SNDP Yogam,  Nair  Service Society,  Yogakshema Sabha,  Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangham, Vaala Samudaya Parishkarani Sabha, Samathwa Samajam, Islam Dharma Paripalana Sangham, Prathyaksha Raksha Daiva Sabha, Sahodara Prasthanam etc.
(B) Struggles and Social Revolts
Upper cloth revolts.Channar agitation,  Vaikom Sathyagraha, Guruvayoor Sathyagraha,  Paliyam Sathyagraha.  Kuttamkulam  Sathyagraha,  Temple  Entry  Proclamation,  Temple  Entry  Act. Malyalee Memorial, Ezhava Memorial etc. Malabar riots, Civil Disobedience Movement, Abstention movement etc.
Role Of Press In Renaissance
Malayalee, Swadeshabhimani, Vivekodayam, Mithavadi, Swaraj, Malayala  Manorama, Bhashaposhini, Mathnubhoomi, Kerala Kaumudi, Samadarsi, Kesari, AI-Ameen,  Prabhatham, Yukthivadi, etc.
Awakening Through Literature 
Novel, Drama, Poetry, Purogamana Sahithya Prasthanam, Nataka Prashtanam, Library movement etc
Women And Social Change
Parvathi Nenmenimangalam, Arya  Pallam, A V Kuttimalu Amma, Lalitha Prabhu.Akkamma
Cheriyan, Anna Chandi, Lalithambika Antharjanam and others Leaders Of Renaissance
Thycaud Ayya Vaikundar, Sree Narayana Guru, Ayyan Kali.Chattampi Swamikal, Brahmananda Sivayogi, Vagbhadananda, Poikayil  Yohannan(Kumara Guru) Dr Palpu, Palakkunnath Abraham Malpan,  Mampuram Thangal,  Sahodaran  Ayyappan, Pandit K P  Karuppan, Pampadi John Joseph, Mannathu Padmanabhan, V T Bhattathirippad,  Vakkom Abdul Khadar Maulavi, Makthi Thangal, Blessed Elias Kuriakose Chaavra, Barrister G P  Pillai,TK  Madhavan, Moorkoth Kumaran, C.  Krishnan, K P Kesava Menon, Dr.Ayyathan Gopalan, C V Kunjuraman, Kuroor Neelakantan Namboothiripad, Velukkutty Arayan, K P Vellon, P K Chathan Master, K Kelappan, P. Krishna Pillai, A K Gopalan, T R Krishnaswami  Iyer, C Kesavan. Swami Ananda Theerthan, M C Joseph, Kuttippuzha Krishnapillai and others
Literary Figures
Kodungallur Kunhikkuttan Thampuran, KeralaVarma Valiyakoyi Thampuran, Kandathil Varghese Mappila.  Kumaran Asan, Vallathol Narayana Menon, Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer,  G Sankara Kurup, Changampuzha Krishna Pillai, Chandu Menon, Vaikom Muhammad Basheer. Kesav Dev, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, Ponkunnam Varky, S K Pottakkad and others
General Knowledge and Current Affairs
Part  II : 
PART II (a): Technical Mathematics
I. Matrices – Identification of Matrices, matrix operations, adjoint and inverse.
II. Determinants – Evaluation of second and third order, minors and cofactors, solutions of simultaneous linear  equation in three unknown using Cramer’s rule.
III. Binomial Series – Expansions using Binomial theorem.
IV. Trigonometric functions – Signs of functions in each quadrant. Trigonometric
values  of  angles,  properties  of  trigonometric  functions,  applications  of  the identities sin (A ± B), cos (A ± B) and tan (A ± B).
V. Coordinate geometry  – Equations to a straight line – slope-intercept  form, intercept  form,  Angle  between  two  lines,  condition  for  two  lines  to  be perpendicular, parallel.
VI. Differentiation – Limits and continuity, derivatives of functions,  equation to
tangents and normals. Maxima and minima of functions of one variable.
VII. Integration of functions – Integration of different types of functions.
VIII. Applications  of  integration – Area  bounded by a curve  and X or  Y axis, solutions  of  differential  equations  using the  method of  variable  separable, solutions of linear differential equations of first order.
PART  II (b): Basic Civil Engineering
Materials:  Brick – varieties and strength, characteristics of good brick. Cement –
varieties and grade of cement and its uses.  Steel – types of steel  for reinforcement
bars, steel structural sections. Aggregates – types & requirements of good aggregates.
Concrete  –  grades  of  concrete  as  per  IS  code,  water  cement  ratio.  Workability,
mixing, batching, compaction and curing.
Construction:  Parts  of  building – foundation – types  of  foundations  – spread footing, isolated footing, combined footing, Raft, pile and well foundations. Masonry – types rubble masonry, brick masonry, English bond and Flemish bond. (One brick wall).
Surveying:  Chain  surveying  –  principles,  instruments,  ranging,  and  chaining
survey lines, field work and field book, selection of survey stations, units of land area.
Levelling:  Levelling instruments,  different  types,  bench mark,  reduced level  of points,  booking of field notes,  reduction of levels by height of collimation method (simple  problem).  Modern  survey  –  instruments  –  Total  station,  Electronics theodolite, Distomat.
PART  II (c): Basic Mechanical Engineering
The importance of IC Engines: Definition, classification – two stroke engines,
four stroke engines, working of two stroke engines and four stroke engines with the
help  of  line  sketches,  comparison  between  two  stroke  and  four  stroke  engines,
comparison between petrol and diesel engines, function of fly wheel, clutch, gearbox,
propeller shaft and differential in power transmission, explain with sketch the working
of  differential,  briefly  explain  power  transmission  of  4  wheel  vehicle  with  line
The importance of Power Plants: Introduction, classification of power plants
– working of hydroelectric power plant with schematic sketches – working of thermal
(Steam and Diesel) power plant with schematic sketches – working of nuclear power plant with schematic sketches.
Module II (d): Basic Electrical Engineering
Review  with  discussion  of  electric  current,  potential  difference,  power,  EMF,
resistance  and  its  laws,  Ohms  law and  series  parallel  circuit,  electromagnetism,
generation of AC and DC supply.
Idea of Basic electrical circuit: Electrical supply and load and its functioning,
division of voltage and current in a parallel and series circuit – simple problems, units
of power and energy, solution of DC circuit with calculation of energy consumption
in an installation.
Circuit parameters: Resistance, Capacitance and inductance. AC circuit with R,
L,  C. Simple solution of typical  AC circuit  with resistance,  impedance,  power and
power factor.
Electrical circuit of an installation: Earthing, lightning protection.
Module II (e): Basic Electronics Engineering
Active and passive devices – review only. LED – working, applications, comparison
of LED lighting and CFL lighting. Full wave rectifier – diagram and explanation, 5 V
power  supply  –  with  bridge  rectifier  and  7805.  SMPS  –  block  diagram  and
advantages. Integrated circuits. SMDs – advantages. Static electricity – precautions in
handling electronic circuits.
Switches: ON / OFF, push to ON, push to OFF, push to ON / OFF, SPST, SPDT,
DPDT. Working and application of limit switches, proximity switches, relays.
Microcontrollers: Simple block diagram of 8 bit microcontrollers – application.
Mobile technology: CDMA and GSM. Compare – 2G and 3G technologies.
Inverter & UPS: Block diagram. Compare – inverter and UPS. Online and off line
UPS – differentiate. Battery selection for UPS and inverter.
E-waste: Health hazards of e-waste.
Module III :
Definition of force – Resolution of force -  moments - Centre of gravity of plane
figures. Moment of inertia – Polar moment of inertia.  Parallel axis theorem – Radius
of gyration,  laws of friction,  Co-efficient of friction, Angle of repose Stress and strain – Young’s modulus.  Poissons Ratio, simple shear  – yield stress. Factor  of  safety,  support  reaction.   Bending  moment  and  shear  force,  Point  of contraflexure
Theory of simple bending – Position of Neutral axis slope and deflection – Deflection
of cantilever and simply supported beam with point load and uniformly distributed
load. Fixed beams – advantages – short column and long column – slenderness ratio –
Euler’s formula – Rankine formula – Eccentric loading of Symmetrical  columns – limit of eccentricity.
Grades  of  concrete  –  types  of  reinforcing  steel.  Position  of  neutral  axis  Determination of moment of resistance. Doubly reinforced beams – Design aspect of singly
 reinforced  beams,  effective  span  –  area  of  tension  reinforcement,  cover,
spacing development length – T beams – M. R. lintels of different loading conditions.
Shear in beams,  Shearing reinforcement – one way and two way slab. Columns –
slenderness limit – longitudinal & Transverse reinforce – Riveted and welded joint –
strength  of  Joint.  Effective  sectional  area  of  angles.  Permissible  stress  in  direct
compression. Strength of compression members. Lateral buckling of beam – limiting
Module IV :
Classification of stones – characteristics of good building stone.  Bricks – qualities.
Cement – types, uses – Test on cement. Mortar – type – mix. Plastering. Concrete –
use – Pre-cast concrete. Ferrous metals – use properties. Timber – seasoning Defects –
wood based products. Ingredients of paint. Commercial form of plastic. Properties of
glass. Classification of glass. Insulating materials – gypsum, Bearing capacity of soil.
Ultimate and safe bearing capacity – factor of safety. Brick masonry – type of bonds.
Types of doors and windows. Different types of Arches. Pitched roof – types of truss.
Stairs types – standards. Lift - parts of lift - escalators – definition. Ramps – definition
– gradient of ramps.  Distribution of water  – Method of distribution. Hot and cold
water  supply  system.  Accessory  fittings  sanitary  arrangements  in  building.  Fire
lighting  systems  –  general  principles  concerning  life  safety.  Emergency  lighting,
alarm systems. Illumination – levels of illumination required. Acoustic terminology –
Properties of sound – Acoustical defects and remedies – Acoustical requirements of
Approximate  estimate  –  types  –  Plinth  areas,  cube  rate  service  unit.  Units  of
measurements as per KPWD Rate analysis – standard data book. Schedule of rates.
Abstract of estimate earth work computation – Trapezoidal and prismoidal formula.
Lump sum lead and lift.
Module V :
Different  operations  in  chain  surveying.  Ranging,  Chaining  on  sloping  ground,
obstacles in chaining, calculation of area. Trapezoidal rule – Simpson’s rule. Types of
bearing  –  calculation  of  included  angles.  Local  attraction.   Dip  and  declination.
Method of Plane table surveying.
Concept of line of collimation – Reduction of levels – height of collimation and rise
and fall  method Contouring.  Characteristics.  Theodolite  – Transit  and non-transit.
Horizontal  angle repetition and reiteration method. Types  of  traverse – deflection
angles – Balancing of consecutive co-ordinates by Bowditch and transit rules. Gates
traverse table. Curves – different types. Geometric of vertical curve. Remote sensing –
Definition GPS fundamentals. GIS – uses and application.
Climatic elements – characteristics of different types of tropical  climate – hot-dry,
warm-humid  –  composite  and  Tropical  upland  climate  –  Human  body’s  heat
production, heat loss and thermal balance – subjective variables – thermal indices –
ET,  CET,  and bio-climatic  chart  – thermal  properties  of  materials  – absorptivity,
conductivity, thermal  capacity, resistance,  transmittance,  time-lag, decrement factor,
insulation  –  site  climate  –  local  factors,  temperature,  humidity,  air  movement,
radiation,  vegetation,  sky condition,  urban climate  – means  of  thermal  control  –
ventilation  and  air  movement,  mechanical  controls,  structural  controls  –  shelters suitable for (1)  Warm-humid climate (2)  Hot-dry climate.
Principles and objectives of town planning – origin of town – neighbourhood unit –
zoning aspects – objectives,  uses,  advantages  – classification of roads,  ring roads,
bye-pass  and through  roads,  freeway,  express  way – layout  and details  of  street
systems – different types of junctions, interchanges, different types of interchanges –
road signals – road signs – parking – lighting – arboriculture housing – agencies of
housing – National Housing Policy – slum – slum clearance programmes – parks and
playgrounds – classification, different systems of parks,  facilities to be provided in
playgrounds for children of different age groups – Building bye-laws – study of local
bye-laws – laws published in NBC – clarification of  buildings – laws framed in KBR
related to each building type – fire fighting requirements.
Module VI :
Indus Valley Civilization – characteristics – Buddhist architecture – characteristics –
stambha,  stupa,  chaitya,  vihara  – Hindu – North Indian – South Indian – Central
Indian  –  Islamic  architecture  –  Imperial,  Provincial  –  Mughal  –  Egyptian  –
characteristics,  tomb  architecture  & temple  architecture  –  Greek  architecture  –
characteristics, orders of architecture, temple architecture, Theatres, Agora, Acropolis,
Parthenon and Erechtheion – Roman – characteristics,  orders,  temple architecture,
thermae, Forum, Amphitheatre – Gothic Architecture – characteristics – stained glass,
buttresses, vaults, Renaissance period – characteristics – Influence of steel, concrete
and glass an architecture in post  industrial  revolution period – new concepts,  great
exhibitions,  bridges,  factory  buildings  –  Arts  and  crafts  movement  –  De  stijl
movement  –  Art  Nouveau  –  Eclecticism  –  Expressionism,  Rationalism  –
Functionalism –  organic  architecture  –  Contributions  of  Louis  Sullivan,  Walter
Gropius,  Peter Behrens,  Antonio Gandi,  Robert Maillart,  Pier Luigi Nervi,  Richard
Neutra,  John Urtzon,  Louis  Kahn,  Philip Johnson,  Oscar  Neymer,  Kenzo Tange,
Geoffrey Bawa – Works and Principles of design of F. L. Wright, Le Corbusier, Mies
Vander  Rohe,  Charles  Correa,  Achyut  P.  Kanvinde,  Laurie  Baker  –  Kerala
Architecture – characteristics  – Ekasala,  Dwisala,  Trisala,  Catussala (Nalukettu)  –
Temple  Architecture  – materials  of construction – construction techniques  used –
Influence  of  climate,  topography  and  materials  on  architecture  –  Elements  of
architecture – Principles of architecture.
Entrepreneurial development – characteristics of a successful entrepreneur. Structure
of Architect’s office format of agreement and importance of agreement concepts and
definitions of SSI. Tender – quotation – Earnest Money Deposit – security deposit –
Work  order  letter.  Contract  –  types.  Arbitration.  Project  management.  Need  and
functions. CMP & PERT  Bar Chart – Principles of safety in construction.
Module VII :
Objectives  of  landscaping  –  Elements  –  aesthetic  Natural  and  artificial  –  visual
elements – softscaping – plants, their classification, function of plants in landscaping,
shady trees, flowery trees, avenue trees, deciduous, evergreen – examples for each –
botanical and common names of commonly used trees – shrubs and ground covers –
their  nature of growth and use – basic means of propagation of plants – grafting,
budding, layering, separation – indoor landscaping – function, examples – lawn – its
construction  and  maintenance  –  Terrarium  –  green  house  –  bonsai  –  water  in
landscape – its function and different effects – garden furniture,  lighting, fences –
grading principles – water supply fixtures and drainage of landscaped area.
Elements of Interior Design – Principles – space modulation – furniture – different materials used – Evolution of furniture – Ergonomics – barrier – free design – colourtheory – qualities, colour schemes, psychological effects of colours – colour and light,
selection of colours – lighting – artificial and natural – general lighting, task lighting,
accent  lighting – quantity of  lighting – fixtures  – dimmer  switches  – Decorative
materials that can be used for ceiling, wall and floor – method of application / fixing –
curtains – carpets – role of fabrics – accessories – Indoor landscaping.
Application of different lines in drawings – different scale to different drawings –
conventions used in building drawings – orientation of buildings – Data regarding to
the  design  of  Residential  building,  Educational  building,  recreational  building,
commercial building, Health building – Rules in KBR related to the design of above
Colour wheels  – primary,  secondary,  tertiary  colours – tints  and shades colours –
Perspective drawing – terminology
NOTE: - It may be noted that apart from the topics detailed  above,  questions  from  other  topics prescribed for the educational  qualification of  the post may also appear in the question paper. There is no undertaking that all the topics above may be covered in the question paper.

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