Friday, 15 March 2019

KERALA PSC LIVESTOCK INSPECTOR GR.II/POULTRY ASSISTANT/ MILK RECORDER/STORE KEEPER/ ENUMERATOR - ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - FULL SYLLABUS & PREVIOUS QUESTION PAPERS

KERALA PSC LIVESTOCK INSPECTOR GR.II/ POULTRY ASSISTANT/ MILK RECORDER/ STORE KEEPER/ ENUMERATOR - ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - NCA -  FULL SYLLABUS & PREVIOUS QUESTION PAPERS
PART – I 
Introduction to Animal Husbandry 
Livestock  statistics  - Current  population  status  of  cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, pig,  chicken,  duck,  turkey,  quail.  Contribution   of   livestock   to  Indian Economy .Current  production  status  of  livestock sector - Impact of  livestock sector   on  Indian  economy 
Common terminologies of Animal  Husbandry  - Different terms associated with
the husbandry of  cattle,  buffalo,  goat,  sheep,  pig,  chicken,  duck,  turkey and quail. 
Farming systems  -  Farming systems (mixed,  diversified,  specialised,  organic, integrated)  and types of  Dairy farming  (family cow ,commercial  ,corral,  hightech). Advantages  and  disadvantages  of rearing animals and birds . 
Breeds   of  Livestock 
Definition of  breed , class, variety and strain.  Comparison of Indian and exotic breeds of cattle Classification and comparison of breeds according to origin and utility .
Breeds of cattle  - Origin, breed characteristics and salient features of Sahiwal, Red Sindhi,  Gir, Deoni,  Hallikar,  Kangayam,  Amrit Mahal,  Kankrej,  Hariana, Tharparkar, Vechur,  Kasaragod dwarf, Jersey, Holstein Friesian, Brown Swiss  Breeds of buffalo  -  Origin,  breed characteristics  and   salient  features  of  Murrah, Surti, Jaffarabadi ,Mehsana, Nili Ravi  Breeds of goats and sheep  - Origin, breed characteristics and salient features of
Malabari, Attapady black,  Beetel,  Jamunapari,  barbari,  Saanen,  Alpine, Boer, Kashmiri,  Marwari, merino etc.
Breeds of pigs  - Origin, breed characteristics and salient features of large white Yorkshire, Landrace, Duroc, Berkshire, Hampshire Breeds of chicken  - Origin, breed characteristics and salient features of White leghorn,  Black  Minorca,  RIR,  New  Hampshire,   Australorp,  Plymouth  rock, Cornish,  Brahma,  Cochin,  Aseel,  Kadaknath,  Naked  neck,  Austro-white, Gramapriya,  Athulya,  Giriraja  .Classification  of  fowls  based  on  geographical
distribution  with  class  characteristics  (American,English,Mediterranean,Asiatic) Breeds of duck, turkey, quail  - Origin, breed characteristics and salient features of  Muscovy,  White  Pekin,  Indian runner,  Khakhi  Campbell,  Chara,  Chemballi, Broad breasted bronze, Beltsville  small white, Japanese quail, bobwhite  quail 
Identification of Animals and Age Determination of Cattle         
Comparison  of  different  methods  of  identification  commonly  used  in animals. Commonly  used  methods  of  identification  in  animals  and  birds - Hot iron branding,  Chemical  branding,  Freeze  branding,   Tattooing,   Tagging,   Ear notching,  Wing/leg bands,  wing badges for birds, Electronic chips/transponders .
Determination of  age in  cattle -  Importance of  age determination in cattle Dental formula in cattle  (permanent  and deciduous)  -  Age  determination by looking at dentition - Age determination by looking horn rings 
Restraining of Animals  
Approaching the animal - Animal behaviour - Precautions while approaching the animal Restraining -  Purpose of restraining . Method of  Restraining  of  head  and  neck Method of  Restraining of   fore and  hind limbs   .Whole  body  restraining Precautions for  casting -  Reuff’s  method  of  casting  -  Alternate method of casting .
Instruments  used  for  controlling  animals  -  Instruments  used  for  controlling head and neck,  limbs  and whole body .
Anatomy and Physiology 
Basics  of  anatomy  and  physiology of cattle, goat, pig, dog ,poultry- Definitions - Anatomical  Peculiarities (bone, RBC, liver, kidney, spleen, stomach) Body parts of cattle - Different body parts (regions, body cavities, joints, bones). Normal physiological values    of   animals  –  Significance of normal physiological values  - Normal range of values  in  cattle, buffalo, goat, pig, dog and chicken (temperature, pulse, respiration, age of  puberty,  rumen motility, gestation  period,  life  span). Measuring the most important normal physiological values of cattle - Measuring Pulse -  Recording Respiration Recording rectal temperature Rumen motility Different conditions in which the normal
values changeStructure and  function of ruminant stomach - Structure of ruminant stomach Process of  ruminant  microbial  digestion. Esophageal groove and its significance. Difference in digestion of ruminant and non ruminant stomach Structure  and  function  of  reproductive system of cattle - Detailed  structure and  function  of bovine  female  and male reproductive System - Structure  of bovine  spermatozoa. Hormonal regulation of  reproduction and oestrus cycle Hormonal interplay  of  female  reproduction – Hormonal  interplay of male reproduction - Sexual  maturity and puberty - Estrus cycle  and  heat signs. Structure  and  function of mammary gland  - Structure of udder - Mechanism of  milk production - Hormonal  role in lactation - Peak production and drying
up –methods of drying - Milking  methods  - Hand milking-Machine milking.
Rearing and Housing of Livestock 
Establishment of  livestock  farm  - Requirements for dairy and poultry farms Systems of rearing  for  cattle • Free range system • Intensive system • Semi Intensive system
Systems of  rearing for  poultry • Free range system • Intensive system (deep litter and cage system) • .Backyard  rearing of poultry. Semi-intensive system. Housing of cattle and poultry - Requirements  and  dimensions   of   a standard cattle  shed  and poultry  house . Manure and waste disposal - Collection, storage and disposal of manure -Vermicomposting Biogas plant
Husbandry of Goats  
Advantages of goat rearing .Systems of rearing goats. Care and management of different age groups of goats - Housing requirements of  goats  -  Feeding of goats  - Care and  management of kids - Care and management of does and bucks - Care and management of pregnant does - Care and management of lactating does.
Breeding and selection of dairy goats - Selection methods - Breeding methods. Diseases  of  goats  -  Bacterial,  viral,  metabolic  diseases  of  goats  and control measures (Tetanus, CCPP,Enterotoxaemia, PPR,Lactic acidosis)
Anatomy and physiology of poultry 
Digestive system- mouth, oesophagus, stomach, liver and pancreas, small intestine, caeca,  cloaca Reproductive system - Male and female Respiratory system- syrinx, airsacs - Skin and feathers - types of feathers  Egg formation - Physiology of egg formation
Effect of light on egg formation  Moulting and bleaching - Definition - Relation with egg production 
Breeding and Reproduction in Animals 
Basic concepts in breeding  - Genotype and phenotype Selection and breeding methods  - Random selection, Individual selection, Family selection,  Pedigree  selection,  Progeny  testing,  Inbreeding,  Out-breeding, Methods of cross breeding,species hybridization,grading up Artificial  insemination (A.I)  in animals -  Purpose ,  limitations   of  A.I  -  Semen
collection  and  examination  -  Semen  extenders  and  preservation  (metods of evaluation,types of preservation and diluents)–Insemination - Familiarization of equipment used for A.I - Heat detection - Technique of A.I in cattle (Recto vaginal
method) - Speculum method for small animals .
Pregnancy and parturition  - Basic concepts of gestation period, fertilization and
placentation  - Pregnancy diagnosis - Stages of parturition and signs of calving Difficult
calving (dystocia)  -  Involution of  uterus,  service period,  inter-calving period, dry period. 
Embryo transfer technology  - Uses of embryo transfer technology - Method of embryo transfer Technology Infertility in cattle  - Concepts of infertility and sterility - Causes of infertility Prevention of infertility
Care and Management of Cattle  
Care and management of new born calves - Importance of colostrum feeding - Artificial respiration - Cutting of umbilical cord - Weaning - Feeding of calves - Dehorning - Deworming - Castration Effect of climate on animals  -  Homeostasis  -  Critical temperature -  Summer management Herd  replacement  -  Culling  and  replacement  -  Methods  of  culling and replacement 
Principles of Feeding in cattle
Important nutrients required for animals – Water, Protein, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Vitamins,  Minerals  –  their  function.Important  concepts  of  feed  formulation  Proximate principles
like Digestible crude protein (D.C.P), metabolizable energy (M.E), total digestible nutrients
(T.D.N) etc. B.I.S specifications of feed  - Feed mixing Different  feed  ingredients  and  preservation  of  fodder  -  Concentrate  feed ingredients - Roughages  - Unconventional feed stuff - Leguminous fodder (cow pea,  subabul)  -  Cultivation details of  different  fodder grasses (Guinea,  Napier, para, congo signal) - Preserved fodder (Silage, Hay, Straw) - Nutrient enrichment of straw - commercial  feed for cattle (TMR feed,  by pass protein feed) Thumb rules for  feeding animals -  Maintenance ration for  each category of  animals Production ration for  lactating animal  -  Pregnancy ration -  Ration for  draught
animals 
Health Care  
Definition of health and disease - Signs of  health . Natural  defense mechanisms -  Functions of  different  body parts in preventing disease  .Routes of  infection and classification of  diseases -  Different  ways in which micro-organisms enter animal body - Types of diseases Common  diseases  of  animals  -  Etiology,  Important  symptoms  and  control measures  of   Bacterial  diseases,  Viral  diseases,  Metabolic  diseases,  Parasitic
diseases - Phyto and chemical toxicity in cattle. Control of diseases  - Treatment Disinfection Vaccination Quarantine - Disposal of dead animals 
Swine Husbandry  
Advantages and disadvantages of pig farming . Housing  requirements  of  swine   -  general  guidelines  of  housing  -  space requirements for housing piglets, boar, sow, breeding animals  Age wise management of  pigs (feeding,breeding and management of boar,gilts, sow ,pregnant  sows ,farrowing sows  and piglets ,growing and finishing pigs)
-Selection criteria for breeding boar.
Introduction to Poultry Husbandry
Poultry related terms- Poultry, broiler, chick, grower, lay er External morphology of chicken 
Scientific names of different species of poultry - Chicken, duck, turkey, quail Trends in poultry Industry-  Current  scenario of  poultry industry in Kerala and India - Merits and  demerits of poultry rearing 
Feeds and feeding of poultry 
BIS  standards  for  poultry  feeds  -  BIS   standards   of  crude   protein  and metabolisable  energy for broiler and layer chicken feeds  Poultry  feed  ingredients -  Common  ingredients used for  the formulation of poultry feed  Feeding  systems  -  Adlibitum feeding  -  Restricted  feeding -  Mash  feeding Pelleted feeding Phase feeding Feed  efficiency  and  feed  additives - Definitions - Feed efficiency in layers and broilers 
Feed additives : Nutritive and non nutritive Feeders and waterers - Different types of feeders and waterers  Feed requirement for chicken - Average requirement of  total   feed for chicks,

growers, layers and broilers
Management of chicken
Management of chicks - Brooding – types of  brooding,  brooder set up,Brooder
management, debeaking, dubbing and sexing of chicks  Management of growers- Space requirement and general management Management  of  layers  –  Summer  management-Factors  influencing  egg production  -  Culling  of  layer  birds  (differentiating  good  and  poor  layers), Standards of egg production, Managemental practices for producing good quality eggs .
Management of breeders - Mating methods,  Artificial  insemination in chicken Trap nesting  Management  of  broilers  -  General  guidelines  for  broiler management.

Nutrient requirements
Selection of eggs and Hatchery management 
Structure of egg - Yolk, Albumen, shell membranes, shell Abnormal eggs - Double yolked egg, an egg within an egg, pale egg, soft shelled egg, blood spot, meat spot Candling and grading of eggs - method of candling and Grade as per quality Selection of hatching eggs- Size, shape, shell quality and internal quality Incubation  -Natural  incubation,  Artificial  incubation,  Management of  incubator,Types  of  incubator,Parts  of  incubator,  Physical  requisites for incubation,Incubation period of various species of poultry Hatchery operations - Collection of eggs, selection , fumigation, candling, setting, transfer, taking out of hatch, identification, sexing, vaccination, dubbing, debeaking, packing and despatch of chicks
Diseases of poultry
Bacterial diseases of chicken - Pasteurellosis - Pullorum disease Viral diseases of chicken - New castle disease (NCD) - Fowl pox - Marek’s disease (MD) - Infectious bursal disease (IBD) - Avian influenza Fungal diseases of chicken – Aspergillosis Protozoan diseases of chicken – Coccidiosis Parasitic  diseases  -  Endoparasites  -  Round  worm infection  (Ascaridia  galli), Caecal worm infection - Ectoparasites – Lice, mites and ticks infestation 
Nutritional  deficiency diseases  -  Rickets  -  Vitamin A deficiency -  Crazy Chick disease - Curled toe paralysis Prevention of diseases  -  Treatment  -  Vaccination  -  Litter  management  DisinfectionDeworming Fumigation Biosecurity measures Screening
tests- Hatchery management for disease prevention
Rearing of duck, turkey and quail
Husbandry  of  ducks  -  Advantages  of  duck  rearing  -  Housing,  feeding  and management of ducks –Incubation- Sex differentiation Diseases of ducks and health care - Pasteurellosis -Duck plague - Duck hepatitis Aflatoxicosis Husbandry  of  Turkey  -  Housing,  feeding  and  management  of  Turkey  -  Sex differentiation. Diseases of turkey and health care - Pasteurellosis - Black head disease Husbandry  of  quail  -  Advantages  of quail rearing  -  Housing , feeding and management of quail  - Sex differentiation.  Diseases of quail and health care Quail enteritis
Milk and milk products 
Nutritive  value of milk - Water, fat, protein, lactose, ash. BIS standards of milk and milk products - Cow milk, buffalo milk, goat milk, toned milk, double toned milk, ice cream, whole milk powder, table butter, ghee. Preservation of milk - Pasteurization, sterilization, chilling .
Types of milk commercially available - Toned milk, double toned milk, Homogenized milk, Condensed milk  Preparation of various types of milk products - Acid Coagulated products-Paneer Concentrated products Khoa, Gulab jamun Fermented products -Dahi,Cheese
Fat rich products – Ghee, Cream -  Frozen products – Ice cream- Byproducts from
milk Butter milk, Whey, skim milk
Wholesome milk production 
Measures  for  clean milk  production - Sources of contamination and hygienic measures 
Adulterants of milk - Starch, Cane sugar, Water –Tests  used for detection of adulteration.
PART – II 
General Knowledge, Current Affairs & Renaissance in Kerala
Salient Features of Indian Constitution 
Salient features of the Constitution - Preamble- Its significance and its place in the interpretation of the Constitution. Fundamental Rights - Directive Principles of State Policy - Relation between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles - Fundamental Duties. Executive - Legislature - Judiciary - Both at Union and State Level. - Other Constitutional Authorities. Centre-State Relations - Legislative - Administrative and Financial. Services under the Union and the States. Emergency Provisions. Amendment Provisions of the Constitution. 
Social Welfare Legislations and Programmes 
Social Service Legislations like Right to Information Act, Prevention of atrocities against Women & Children, Food Security Act, Environmental Acts etc. and Social Welfare Programmes like Employment Guarantee Programme, Organ and Blood Donation etc.
RENAISSANCE IN KERALA 
Towards A New Society 
Introduction to English education - various missionary organisations and their functioningfounding of educational institutions, factories.printing press etc.
Efforts To Reform The Society 
(A) Socio-Religious reform Movements 
SNDP Yogam, Nair Service Society, Yogakshema Sabha, Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangham, Vaala Samudaya Parishkarani Sabha, Samathwa Samajam, Islam Dharma Paripalana Sangham, Prathyaksha Raksha Daiva Sabha, Sahodara Prasthanam etc. 
(B) Struggles and Social Revolts 
Upper cloth revolts.Channar agitation, Vaikom Sathyagraha, Guruvayoor Sathyagraha, Paliyam Sathyagraha. Kuttamkulam Sathyagraha, Temple Entry Proclamation, Temple Entry Act .Malyalee Memorial, Ezhava Memorial etc. Malabar riots, Civil Disobedience Movement, Abstention movement etc
Role Of Press In Renaissance 
Malayalee, Swadeshabhimani, Vivekodayam, Mithavadi, Swaraj, Malayala Manorama, Bhashaposhini, Mathnubhoomi, Kerala Kaumudi, Samadarsi, Kesari, AI-Ameen, Prabhatham, Yukthivadi, etc
Awakening Through Literature 
Novel, Drama, Poetry, Purogamana Sahithya Prasthanam, Nataka Prashtanam, Library movement etc 
Women And Social Change 
Parvathi Nenmenimangalam, Arya Pallam, A V Kuttimalu Amma, Lalitha Prabhu.Akkamma Cheriyan, Anna Chandi, Lalithambika Antharjanam and others
Leaders Of Renaissance 
Thycaud Ayya Vaikundar, Sree Narayana Guru, Ayyan Kali.Chattampi Swamikal, Brahmananda Sivayogi, Vagbhadananda, Poikayil Yohannan(Kumara Guru) Dr Palpu, Palakkunnath Abraham Malpan, Mampuram Thangal, Sahodaran Ayyappan, Pandit K P Karuppan, Pampadi John Joseph, Mannathu Padmanabhan, V T Bhattathirippad, Vakkom Abdul Khadar Maulavi, Makthi Thangal, Blessed Elias Kuriakose Chaavra, Barrister G P Pillai, TK Madhavan, Moorkoth Kumaran, C. Krishnan, K P Kesava Menon, Dr.Ayyathan Gopalan, C V Kunjuraman, Kuroor Neelakantan Namboothiripad, Velukkutty Arayan, K P Vellon, P K Chathan Master, K Kelappan, P. Krishna Pillai, A K Gopalan, T R Krishnaswami Iyer, C Kesavan. Swami Ananda Theerthan , M C Joseph, Kuttippuzha Krishnapillai and others 
Literary Figures 
Kodungallur Kunhikkuttan Thampuran, KeralaVarma Valiyakoyi Thampuran, Kandathil Varghese Mappila. Kumaran Asan, Vallathol Narayana Menon, Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer, G Sankara Kurup, Changampuzha Krishna Pillai, Chandu Menon, Vaikom Muhammad Basheer. Kesav Dev, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, Ponkunnam Varky, S K Pottakkad and others
NOTE: - It may be noted that apart from the topics detailed above, questions from other topics prescribed for the educational qualification of the post may also appear in the question paper. There is no undertaking that all the topics above may be covered in the question paper
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